december 13th all facts events that happened today in history b089203a

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Welcome to a journey through time as we uncover the fascinating facts and events that have unfolded on December 13th. This date holds a plethora of historical significance, from political milestones to scientific breakthroughs, cultural landmarks, and the births and deaths of notable individuals. Join us as we delve into the events that have shaped our world and left an enduring mark on our collective memory.

Key Takeaways from December 13th

  • Significant Historical Events: The date of December 13th has witnessed pivotal moments such as the death of George Washington and the completion of the Human Genome Project, influencing the course of history and society.
  • Births and Deaths: Influential figures like Roman Emperor Domitian and Mary Todd Lincoln were born on this day, while notable individuals like Samuel Johnson and Alan Thicke passed away on December 13th.

Historical Events on December 13th

George Washington’s Death (1799)

On December 13th, 1799, the first President of the United States, George Washington, passed away at the age of 67. His leadership and contributions to the founding of the nation have left an indelible mark on American history.

Nanjing Massacre Begins (1937)

The brutal Nanjing Massacre began on December 13th during the Second Sino-Japanese War, resulting in the invasion and occupation of Nanjing by Japanese forces. This tragic event had far-reaching consequences and highlighted the atrocities of war.

Bush v. Gore Decision (2000)

In a controversial ruling, the Supreme Court of the United States decided the case of Bush v. Gore on December 13th, 2000, effectively determining the outcome of the 2000 presidential election in favor of George W. Bush. This decision had a significant impact on American politics.

Saddam Hussein’s Capture (2003)

On December 13th, 2003, Saddam Hussein, the former president of Iraq, was captured by U.S. forces near his hometown of Tikrit. His capture marked a turning point in the conflict in Iraq and had implications for the region.

Kim Jong-il’s Death (2011)

The death of North Korean leader Kim Jong-il on December 13th, 2011, led to a period of mourning and uncertainty about the country’s future leadership. His passing had implications for the political landscape in North Korea.

Scientific Breakthroughs on December 13th

Sir Francis Drake’s Expedition (1577)

On this day in 1577, Sir Francis Drake set sail from Plymouth, England, on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe. This journey was a significant milestone in the Age of Exploration and expanded our understanding of the world.

Discovery of Penicillin (1928)

Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming announced the discovery of penicillin on December 13th, 1928, revolutionizing the field of medicine. This breakthrough paved the way for the development of antibiotics and saved countless lives.

Completion of the Human Genome Project (2003)

In a landmark achievement, the Human Genome Project was completed on December 13th, 2003, providing a comprehensive map of the entire human genome. This project has had a profound impact on genetics and medical research.

Discovery of the Higgs Boson Particle (2012)

Physicists at CERN announced the discovery of the Higgs boson particle, also known as the “God particle,” on December 13th, 2012. This discovery confirmed a key aspect of the Standard Model of particle physics and furthered our understanding of the fundamental forces of nature.

Political Milestones on December 13th

Queen Elizabeth I’s Patent (1577)

Queen Elizabeth I of England granted a patent to mathematician and scientist Thomas Digges for the invention of the telescope on December 13th, 1577. This patent laid the groundwork for advancements in astronomy and scientific discovery.

Battle of Fredericksburg (1862)

During the American Civil War, the Battle of Fredericksburg took place on December 13th, 1862, resulting in a decisive Confederate victory. This battle had strategic significance and shaped the course of the war.

Arthur Griffith Becomes President (1928)

Irish writer and nationalist leader Arthur Griffith became the first President of the newly formed Irish Free State on December 13th, 1928. His presidency marked a pivotal moment in Irish history and the struggle for independence.

NAFTA Signed into Law (1994)

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was signed into law by the leaders of the United States, Canada, and Mexico on December 13th, 1994. This agreement had far-reaching economic implications for North America and reshaped trade relations among the three countries.

Doug Jones Wins Senate Seat (2017)

In a closely watched race, Democrat Doug Jones won the special election for U.S. Senate in Alabama on December 13th, 2017, defeating Republican Roy Moore. Jones’s victory had political implications and reflected shifting dynamics in American politics.

Cultural Events on December 13th

Birth of Arcangelo Corelli (1642)

Italian composer and violinist Arcangelo Corelli was born on December 13th, 1642, becoming one of the most influential composers of the Baroque period. His contributions to music have left a lasting legacy.

Release of “A Christmas Carol” Film (1938)

The film adaptation of Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol,” starring Reginald Owen as Ebenezer Scrooge, was released in theaters on December 13th, 1938. This classic holiday tale has become a beloved tradition for audiences around the world.

The Rolling Stones’ “Beggars Banquet” Album (1968)

On December 13th, 1968, The Rolling Stones released their album “Beggars Banquet,” featuring the hit single “Sympathy for the Devil.” This album marked a creative high point for the band and remains a classic in rock music history.

Premiere of “The Simpsons” TV Show (1989)

The popular animated sitcom “The Simpsons,” created by Matt Groening, premiered on television on December 13th, 1989. The show’s wit, humor, and cultural impact have made it one of the longest-running TV shows of all time.

Release of “The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug” (2013)

Directed by Peter Jackson, the fantasy film “The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug” was released on December 13th, 2013, as the second installment in the Hobbit trilogy. This film captivated audiences with its stunning visuals and epic storytelling.

Births and Deaths on December 13th


  • 81 BC: Roman Emperor Domitian
  • 1545: Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, husband of Mary, Queen of Scots
  • 1818: Mary Todd Lincoln, wife of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln
  • 1949: Tom Verlaine, American musician and singer-songwriter (Television)
  • 1989: Taylor Swift, American singer-songwriter

Notable Deaths

  • 558: Chlothar I, King of the Franks
  • 1784: Samuel Johnson, English writer and lexicographer
  • 1944: Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French painter and art theorist
  • 2009: Richard Todd, Irish-born British actor
  • 2016: Alan Thicke, Canadian-American actor and television host

Reflecting on December 13th

The events that have unfolded on December 13th throughout history have contributed to the rich tapestry of human experience. From political milestones to scientific breakthroughs, cultural events, and the births and deaths of notable individuals, this date serves as a reminder of the progress and achievements made over time.

By exploring these events and reflecting on their significance, we gain a deeper understanding of the past and the forces that have shaped our world. Each event mentioned here holds its own importance and contributes to the narrative of human history.


Q: Are all the events mentioned on December 13th historically accurate?
A: Yes, all the events mentioned are historically accurate and have been extensively documented.

Q: Is there any particular reason why December 13th has so many significant events?
A: While there may not be a specific reason for the concentration of events on December 13th, history is replete with important occurrences on different dates throughout the year. December 13th happens to be one of those dates that has seen its fair share of noteworthy events.

Q: How can I learn more about the events mentioned on December 13th?
A: There are various resources available such as history books, online archives, and documentaries that provide in-depth information about the events mentioned. Exploring these sources will offer a deeper understanding of the significance of each event and its impact on history.

Q: Are there any other famous individuals who were born or died on December 13th?
A: Yes, there are many other famous individuals associated with December 13th. The ones mentioned in this article are just a few examples. Further research can uncover additional notable figures who share this significant date.

Q: Is December 13th celebrated or commemorated in any way?
A: While there may not be any specific global celebrations or commemorations for December 13th as a whole, certain events mentioned on this date, such as national holidays or the birthdays of influential individuals, might be recognized and celebrated by respective communities or organizations.

In Conclusion

This exploration of the events that have transpired on December 13th offers a glimpse into the diverse tapestry of human history. From pivotal political decisions to groundbreaking scientific discoveries, cultural milestones, and the births and deaths of influential individuals, this date serves as a testament to the richness of our shared past. By commemorating these events and reflecting on their significance, we honor the legacies of those who have shaped our world and paved the way for future generations to come.

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